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The Role of Engineers in Harmonising Human Values for AI Systems Design

Journal of Responsible Technology, Volume 10, July 2022, 100031

Most engineers Fwork within social structures governing and governed by a set of values that primarily emphasise economic concerns. The majority of innovations derive from these loci. Given the effects of these innovations on various communities, it is imperative that the values they embody are aligned with those societies. Like other transformative technologies, artificial intelligence systems can be designed by a single organisation but be diffused globally, demonstrating impacts over time. This paper argues that in order to design for this broad stakeholder group, engineers must adopt a systems thinking approach that allows them to understand the sociotechnicity of artificial intelligence systems across sociocultural domains. It claims that value sensitive design, and envisioning cards in particular, provides a solid first step towards helping designers harmonise human values, understood across spatiotemporal boundaries, with economic values, rather than the former coming at the opportunity cost of the latter.

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A value sensitive design approach for designing AI-based worker assistance systems in manufacturing

Susanne Vernim, Harald Bauer, Erwin Rauch, Marianne Thejls Ziegler, Steven Umbrello in Procedia Computer Science, Volume 200, 2022, Pages 505-516

Although artificial intelligence has been given an unprecedented amount of attention in both the public and academic domains in the last few years, its convergence with other transformative technologies like cloud computing, robotics, and augmented/virtual reality is predicted to exacerbate its impacts on society. The adoption and integration of these technologies within industry and manufacturing spaces is a fundamental part of what is called Industry 4.0, or the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The impacts of this paradigm shift on the human operators who continue to work alongside and symbiotically with these technologies in the industry bring with it novel ethical issues. Therefore, how to design these technologies for human values becomes the critical area of intervention. This paper takes up the case study of robotic AI-based assistance systems to explore the potential value implications that emerge due to current design practices and use. The design methodology known as Value Sensitive Design (VSD) is proposed as a sufficient starting point for designing these technologies for human values to address these issues.

Curatela - 2021

Régime scopique et régime synesthésique. La culture visuelle moderne et hypermoderne

Giacomo Pezzano, in G. Lingua, A. De Cesaris (eds.), Technologies de la visibilité. De l’image ancienne à l’image hypermoderne, Milan, Mimésis International, Milan 2021, pp. 67-81.

Le concept de régime scopique est l’un des concepts du vocabu- laire des visual studies qui a connu la plus grande fortune : origi- nairement forgé par le sémiologue Christian Metz dans ses études sur le médium cinématographique, il fut ensuite réélaboré et étendu par l’historien de la culture Martin Jay pour analyser l’histoire de la visualité, dans une tentative de dénaturaliser la vision et d’en mon- trer la dimension inévitablement socio-culturelle... [visualizza un estratto]